The most important steps

of the Petite Ceinture's history

From the second half of the 19th century to the dawn of the new millenium, the Petite Ceinture railway line wasn’t built in one day. 

France’s first passenger line is open in 1837, between the “Embarcadère de l’Europe” to the small city of Le Pecq. During the 1840s, the number of railways grows dramatically. But they’re not connected to a “central station” (and still aren’t to this very day). 

Therefore, the Petite Ceinture is created around Paris, following a circular path, as to facilitate transit of freight between the main lines. It was also design to carry troops and soldiers, since it runs within the former fortifications, which were built a couple of decades earlier. Only later did it start to carry passengers.

Its importance rose regularly, helped by the Universal Exhibition which occurred in Paris every 11 years. The passenger service reached its apogee in 1900, where it carried a grand total of 39 million passengers

Discover below the main dates of the rich history of this unique railway that surrounds the French capital. 

December 10, 1851
December 12, 1852

Opening of the Petite Ceinture's first section

  • December 12, 1852

The first section of the Petite Ceinture opens on the left bank of the Seine river, from the Batignolles (North-West of Paris) to La Chapelle (North). Only freight trains run on the tracks. 

Please click on the map to enlarge

Opening of the Eastern section of the Petite Ceinture (La Chapelle - Bercy)

  • March 25, 1854

East of Paris, the section between La Chapelle and Bercy is open. Freight train can now run between Les Batignolles (North-West of Paris) and Bercy (South-East). The Petite Ceinture Rive Droite line is now complete.

Please click on the map to enlarge
March 25, 1854
May 2nd, 1854

Opening of the Ligne d'Auteuil

  • May 2nd, 1854

On the Western part of Paris, the Ligne d'Auteuil is opened to the public, running from the Saint-Lazare station to the Auteuil-Boulogne station (South-West of the capital). This line is the very first one to carry passengers in Paris. 

Please click on the map to enlarge

Opening of the first freight stations of the Petite Ceinture

  • September 15, 1855

The Charonne-marchandises stations opens, followed by the La Petite-Villette (Belleville-Villette) station in 1856. They are the first freight stations of the Petite Ceinture. 

September 15, 1855
January 1st, 1860

The city of Paris reaches its actual size

  • January 1st, 1860

The city swallows its former surrounding villages, enclosed within the limits of the Thiers defense wall. Paris reaches is actual size. 

The Petite Ceinture carries its first passengers

  • July 14, 1862

After being only circulated by freight trains for 10 years, the Petite Ceinture carries its first passengers on July 14, 1862. Nevertheless, only 5 stations are open : Batignolles, Belleville-Villette, Ménilmontant, Charonne and La Râpée-Bercy. The Avenue de Saint-Ouen and Bel-Air station open one year later. 

July 14, 1862
February 25, 1867

Opening of the Southern section of the Petite Ceinture

  • February 25, 1867

Opening of the Petite Ceinture Rive Gauche line, on the left bank of the Seine River, linking the Rapée-Bercy (South-East) and Auteuil-Boulogne (South-West) stations. 

To cross the river, the Western Railways Company builds the Point-du-Jour viaduct, a beautiful 175-meters long structure.

Please click on the map to enlarge

Opening of the Grenelle Junction and Champ de Mars station for the Universal Exhibition

  • 1867

The station and this small section of tracks are circulated by trains coming from the Saint-Lazare station (via the Grenelle station). After the Exhibition, both tracks and stations are demolished.

1867
March 25, 1869

Opening of the Courcelles Junction: the circle is complete

  • March 25, 1869

A small section of tracks, located at the North-West of Paris, is open. Located between the Avenue de Clichy and Courcelles-Levallois stations, it allows trains to make a full loop around Paris. 

The newly built Courcelles-Ceinture station becomes one of the most important nodes of the line. 

Please click on the map to enlarge

Reconstruction of the Grenelle Junction and Champ de Mars station for the Universal Exhibition

  • 1878

At the dawn of the 1878 Universal Exhibition, the Grenelle junction and the Champ de Mars station are rebuilt. The architect in charge of the building, Juste Lisch, will later design some of the most prestigious railway stations in Paris (including the Gare Saint-Lazare and Gare des Invalides). 

1878
1886-1889

Removal of level crossings

  • 1886-1889

After several accidents and in anticipation of the 1889 Universal Exhibition, level crossing are finally removed. Infrastructure is moved either on embankments or in trenches. Construction takes places without interrupting the trafic. Several stations are rebuilt for the occasion. 

1889 Universal Exhibition

  • Mai 6 - October 31, 1889

Once again, the Petite Ceinture plays an active role in the 1889 Universal Exhibition. One of the most remarkable aspects is the Champ de Mars station, located just at the feet of the newly opened Tour Eiffel. 

Mai 6 - October 31, 1889
August 1st, 1893

Beginning of the circular service of the Northern Company

  • August 1st, 1893

The Northern Company starts running its own trains on the Petite Ceinture, making two to three loops before returning to the Gare du Nord. 

It is often considered as one of the very first metropolitan services in Paris. 

Please click on the map to enlarge

Opening of the Boulainvilliers junction

  • April 12, 1900

To facilitate transportation for the 1900 Universal Exhibition, the Boulainvillliers junction opens on April 12, 1900. Trains can run from the Gare Saint-Lazare to the Champ de Mars station in only a quarter of an hour. To cross the river, a new curved bridge, the Pont Rouelle, is also built. 

Please click on the map to enlarge
April 12, 1900
April 15 - November 12, 1900

1900 Universal Exhibition

  • April 15 - November 12, 1900

The year 1900 can be seen as the apogee of the Petite Ceinture. Thanks to the Universal Exhibition, trains carry more than 39 million passenger. 

Opening of Paris metro

  • July 1, 1900

After half a century of debates opposing the City of Paris, and the French State and railway Companies, Paris metro is finally open. It is completely independent from any of Paris railway networks. It quickly becomes a huge competitor against the Petite Ceinture – and Paris's tramways

July 1, 1900
1902

End of the Western Company's passenger service

  • 1902

Opened in 1867, the passenger service run by the Western Company comes to an end in 1902. Trains of the Northern Company – and those run by the Ceinture Syndicate – continue to carry passenger. 

End of the Northern Company's passenger service

  • 1908

Six years after the Western Company, the Northern Company gives up its circular service on the Petite Ceinture.

1908
July 22, 1934

End of passenger service on the Petite Ceinture

  • July 22, 1934

Due to multiple factors – including the expansion of Paris metro network, absence of modernization and cost-related measures pushing towards freight – passenger service is suspended on the Petite Ceinture, and replaced by a bus.

Demolition of the Point-du-Jour viaduct

  • 1958-1960

To allow construction of a inner-city highway – which was eventually never built – the Point-du-Jour viaduct is demolished, and replaced by the Pont du Garigliano. 

1958-1960
January 6, 1985

End of line for the Ligne d'Auteuil

  • January 6, 1985

After 130 years of good and loyal services, the Auteuil line is closed to the public on January 6, 1985. 

Opening of the "VMI" branch of the RER line C

  • September 25, 1988

After 3 years of construction, most of the former Ligne d'Auteuil is reopened. Now part of the RER line C, it forms the VMI branch (Vallée de Montmorency-Invalides). Modern double-decker trains replace the antiquated Standard train sets. 

Please click on the map to enlarge
September 25, 1988
December 14, 1992

Birth of our Association

  • December 14, 1992

Created at the end of 1992, the Petite Ceinture Preservation Association (ASPCRF) is officially born on January 6, 1993. 

End of freight service on the Southern and Eastern sections

  • 1993

End of freight service on the Southern and Eastern sections. Remaining freight stations are closed as well. 

1993
Until 2003

Discovery trains on the Petite Ceinture

  • Until 2003

Until november, 2003, Discovery Trains run by our Association allow Parisians to discover another side of the city. 

Exceptional circulation on the Southern section of the Petite Ceinture

  • January 18, 2012

Exceptional circulation of a diesel engine (CC 72084) on the Southern section of the Petite Ceinture, in order to move some coaches from one tunnel to an other. 

January 18, 2012
July 23, 2019

Exceptional circulation of a train at Bercy on the Petite Ceinture

  • July 23, 2019

In order to remove some coaches stored on the Petite Ceinture, a diesel engine (BB 64066) circulates on the Petite Ceinture. 

Return of the train on the Petite Ceinture

  • December 14, 2021

On the morning of December 14, 2021, the train makes its comeback on the Petite Ceinture. 

Hauled by a diesel engine on the Petite Ceinture, on the Batignolles junction, it delivers sand and gravel twice a week to a nearby concrete factory, preventing the entrance of thousands of trucks within the city. 

December 14, 2021

As you’ve now discovered, the Petite Ceinture’s history is the result of a long-term process, which nearly took half a century to complete. Please find a map with all of the Petite Ceinture’s section, along with their opening date. To download the HD version of the file, click here

Did you know that we do group visits of the Petite Ceinture in English? If you’re interested, give us a heads up!